10 minute Taraweeh summaries
1st night taraweeh summary
Allah ﷻ revealed the Quran as his final book of guidance to mankind and sent his final messenger, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, to teach us the meanings of the Quran and how to practice upon it.
Unlike the other books revealed to previous Prophets, Allah ﷻ has promised to protect His final revelation, the Quran, revealed to the Final Messenger ﷺ from any changes in words or in meaning.
During the period in which the Quran was being revealed to the Prophet ﷺ, the muslim companions of the Prophet ﷺ whom we refer to as Sahaba, radiyallu anhum, may Allah be pleased with them, memorised, recorded, preserved and learnt the Quran together with all the speech and actions of the Prophet ﷺ and transmitted them to us via generation to generation of Huffaadh, (memorisers of the Quran) and Ulama, (trustworthy scholars of Islam) until it has reached us today.
In this way both the words and the meanings of the Quran have been preserved by Allah ﷻ and we have the entire, complete Quran with us today.
All 114 chapters, All 6236 verses, All 157935 words, and All 668684 letters
The attempts of those who try to change even one letter of the Quran will always fail and the nonsensical lies of those who claim the Quran is incomplete are easily exposed.
Surah 1: Surah Faatiha THE OPENING CHAPTER
The first surah in the Quran is surah fatiha. It is not the first to be revealed but it is the first in the arrangement of the Quran and this arrangement of the chapters is also from Allah ﷻ. The Prophet ﷺ would inform those who would write down the revelation about the order of the verses and the arrangement of the surahs.
Surah Fatiha, the “Opening Chapter” is also called Ummul Qur’aan, “the essence of Qur’aan”, as it contains the essence of all that is mentioned in the remaining chapters and it also contains the essence of whatever was revealed in the previous scriptures and books that were sent to mankind. (Every prophet preached the same basic message, only the laws were slightly different as per the wisdom of Allah ﷻ for different peoples and periods in the world.)
The remaining Quran is therefore a detailed explanation of Surah fatiha.
The subject matter of the Quraan consists of 7 central themes:
- The Oneness of Allah (tauheed) and Allah’s attributes (sifaat)
- Prophethood (risaalat)
- Laws of Allah (ahkaam)
- The Day of Reckoning and the afterlife (qiyamah and aakhirah)
- Glad tidings for those who believe and do good (wa’da)
- Warnings for those who disbelieve and commit sin (wa’eed)
- How and what to ask from Allah ﷻ (du’aa)
All of these themes are found in Surah Fatiha, the oneness of Allah ﷻ when we say All Praise is for Allah alone, and when we say that Allah is Rabbul Aalameen.
The sifaat of Allah of rahmaan, the Most Compassionate, and raheem the Most Merciful and rabb the Sustainer and maalik The Owner.
The Prophethood and glad tidings for those who follow is referred to when we say siraatul mustaqeem, qiyaamah and aakhira in yawm id deen, the day of reckoning. and warnings for disbelief and transgression in maghdhoobi alaihim waladhaaleen.
With respect to duaa, the duaa contained in Surah Fatiha is the most important duaa that a human being can ever make, that is Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem, we ask you Oh Allah to guide us upon the straight path. This duaa is so important that we make it in every rakaat of salaah.
The great mufassir, Ibn Katheer (A.R) has written that the essence of Surah Fatiha lies in the words, “We only worship You and only seek assistance from You.” and in fact this is the essence of Islam, to only worship Allah ﷻ and to seek all of our needs of this world and the next from Allah ﷻ alone
In an authentic hadeeth recorded in the collection of hadeeth Saheeh Muslim, Abu Huraira (RA) reported: The Prophet, ﷺ, said, “Allah Almighty said: I have divided salaah between myself and my servant into two halves, and my servant shall have what he has asked for. When the servant says ‘all praise is due to Allah the Lord of the worlds,’ Allah says: My servant has praised me. When he says ‘the Gracious, the Merciful,’ Allah says: My servant has exalted me. When he says ‘the Master of the Day of Judgment,’ Allah says: My servant has glorified me and my servant has submitted to me. When he says ‘you alone we worship, you alone we ask for help,’ Allah says: This is between me and my servant, and my servant will have what he has asked for. When he says ‘guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom you have favored, not those who went astray,’ Allah says: This is for my servant, and my servant will have what he has asked for.”
The commentators of Tafseer have written complete volumes only on the tafseer of Surah Fatiha so it is not possible to encompass even an iota of this great Surah, the like of which has never been revealed to any previous nation.
Surah 2: Surah Baqara
The second surah of the Quran is Surah baqara, it is the longest Surah in Quran (beginning the 1st Juz and ending in the middle of the 3rd Juz) and the first to be revealed after the Prophet ﷺ migrated to Madeenah.
Baqara means cow and it is named after the incident of the cow mentioned in this surah where the Bani Israel were instructed to slaughter a cow but because of their unwillingness and wanting to delay they kept asking more questions about the type of cow. If they had slaughtered any cow when ordered, it would have been sufficient for them but Allah made it even more difficult for them because of their own stubbornness.
Amongst the great virtues of this surah are that the Prophet ﷺ said that shaytaan does not enter the house where Surah Al-Baqarah is recited, this is reported in saheeh muslim, tirmidhi and musnad ahmad, in another narration in Ad-Darimi
Abdullah bin Masud (ra) said, “Whoever recites ten Ayat from Surat Al-Baqarah in a night, then shaytaan will not enter his house that night. (These ten Ayat are) four from the beginning, Ayat Al-Kursi (255), the following two Ayat (256-257) and the last three Ayat.
Surah Baqara can be divided into two main sections. The first section (which was read tonight/last night) commences at the beginning of the Surah and ends at verse 176.
In summary, the first section presents tauheed, proofs for the divine nature of the Quraan, the description of believers, disbelievers and hypocrites and their outcome, the system of risaalat, the reward for imaan and good actions, a large portion of the surah invites the bani israel to accept the truth and not be blinded by arrogance. It reminds them of the pledge they had taken and all the favours that they had been granted as well as the times when they had been disobedient and how they had been punished for it.
The surah begins with ‘alif laam meem’, these are called huroof muqatta’aat, they appear at the beginning of 14 surahs of the Quran and are recited individually. Their meaning is only fully known by Allah ﷻ, commentators mention that one wisdom behind this is that mankind must first be ready to accept from the side of Allah what they cannot understand. Today people want to understand first before they are ready to practice, but this is not the quality of a Muslim. Imaan is to believe in Allah and the unseen and accept the laws of Allah without understanding. So by beginning with these letters, we are proclaiming our acceptance of all that is in the Quran even if we do not understand and it is beyond our logic.
Allah then proclaims that this is that book in which there is absolutely no doubt. No other book can claim this, because every other book, not sent by Allah ﷻ, has a degree of doubt. Just as we see with scientific books, what was believed to be true 10 years ago is now mostly discredited and has been replaced, but Quran is not like this, there is no doubt, no error, no mistake in Quran and only Allah ﷻ has made this statement and until today it has not been disproven even though the critics of Islam want to, they cannot do so.
Continuing from here, In the beginning 20 verses the traits and qualities of the Muttaqeen (the law abiding muslims), the Kaafireen (the rejectors of Islam) and the Munaafiqeen (the hypocrites) are described together with their outcome.
Then Allah ﷻ puts a challenge forth in verse 23 that if you doubt this book then produce something like it, and Allah ﷻ Himself says you will not be able to. This challenge from Allah ﷻ until today has remained with noone taking it up and even producing any small chapter like the smallest chapter of the Quran.
Allah ﷻ goes on to describe how the heavens and earth were created and the beginning of mankind in the form of Adam (AS) and how Shaytaan because of his arrogance and preferring his own logic and reasoning refused to prostrate to Adam (AS) and therefore became accursed and lost his great position with Allah ﷻ. Allah ﷻ also speaks about how Adam (AS) was taken out of Paradise and sent to this world with Hawwa (AS) and how their progeny began mankind on this earth.
After this Allah ﷻ addresses the Bani Israel, who are known as the jewish nation, instructing them to accept the final Nabi ﷺ. There were a large number of jews in madeena as they had settled in Madeena to await the arrival of the final prophet whom they were expecting to come to this city. When the final Prophet ﷺ came from amongst the arabs who were the Bani Ismael, then just like Shaytaan they were enraged and arrogant and the majority refused to accept solely because he was not from amongst the jews. Allah ﷻ instructs them not to be arrogant and not to change their books and thereby mislead others about the final Prophet ﷺ while they knew fully well that this Nabi Muhammad ﷺ was the final prophet ﷺ that is mentioned in the Torah.
Then In the next approximately 60 verses Allah recounts in detail the breaches of promise by the Bani Israel and how they displayed stubbornness with their Prophets and disobeyed the commandments of Allah and how this mentality had been nurtured in them since the very beginning and what the outcome of this was and how many times Allah ﷻ had given them a chance to change their ways.
This is a warning and encouragement for them that even now they should accept the final Nabi ﷺ who they know to be true and leave their arrogant and stubborn ways or they will also be accursed forever like Shaytaan.
Thereafter from verse 122, as a proof against them and their false claims and mockery, Allah ﷺ brings attention to the history of Ebrahim (AS), the building of the ka’ba and related events, which are the foundation of the Bani Ismael and the coming of the final Nabi ﷺ and this ummah. This is to show that the original qibla of this ummah was always the Ka’ba, and Baytul Maqdis, (Masjid Al Aqsa) was only a temporary qibla in the beginning period of Islam.
At the end of this section Allah ﷻ instructs mankind to believe in Allah ﷻ alone and not take partners with Allah ﷻ. Allah ﷻ brings attention to his power over the universe and the workings of this world showing mankind that none can be a partner to Allah ﷻ. Allah ﷻ then begins instructing mankind in the injunctions of Islam which starts here and continues into the second section of Surah Baqarah.
The first instruction given is to consume that which is Halaal and pure. Allah ﷻ instructs this even before the commands of Salaah, zakaah and other injunctions of Islam even though salaah, zakaak, hajj and fasting are amongst the pillars of Islam. This indicates the importance of consuming halaal food which many muslims today take very lightly. The scholars explain that eating halal food is a bridge from Imaan to performing good actions. When a person is not careful about eating halaal then the ability to do good deeds diminishes and eventually Imaan is also affected, so care should be taken that our earnings are halaal and we spend it on halaal food as well. We should not take this lightly. May Allah grant us the ability to practice upon the Qur’aan, Aameen.