The Best of Both Worlds: A Comprehensive Supplication
If you were promised a guaranteed accepted Du’a what would it be? Allah says about the Du’a of some people during Hajj in ‘Arafa on the day of ‘Arafa (the most important day of Hajj when supplications are accepted): “There are some who pray, ‘Our Lord, give us in this world’, but will have no share in the Hereafter” (2:200). This is because their only concern is their specific short-term materialistic wellness in this temporary world (as if that is the only cause of happiness) forgetting their overall wellbeing here and in the next abode. They have an opportunity to ask for that and much more but only ask for one thing. Note the absence of the object (maf’ul) in their supplication ‘Our Lord, give us in this world’. Give them what? They want anything of this world as long as they get something of it. An improvident and imbalanced Du’a, indeed.
In contrast, Allah speaks of others who supplicate for ‘Hasana’ in this world, and in the next, and protection from the punishment of the Fire: “But among them are those who pray, ‘Our Lord, give us Hasana in this world, Hasana in the Hereafter, and shield us from the torment of the Fire’. It is they who have a portion from what they have earned, and God is swift in reckoning” (2:201).
The second group pray for:
1. ‘Hasana’ in this world
2. ‘Hasana’ in the Hereafter
3. And protection from the punishment of the Fire
They ask for ‘Hasana’, not just anything. The Arabic word ‘Hasana’, usually translated as “good”, is derived from the root h-s-n which has the sense of “beauty”. So, Hasana is a type of good, an embellishing good, that beautifies the individual instead of corrupting. ‘Non-Hasana’ money, success, power, fame, etc. dramatically change people (save a very few), the way they think, behave, view the world and others, to be self-centered and have feelings of superior self-worth.
1. Hasana in this world includes, but is not limited to, good health, spouse, children, home, respect, felicity, contentment, wealth, piety, knowledge, wisdom, patience, appreciation, empathy, altruism, optimism, strength, etc.
2. Hasana in the Hereafter is dying a believer with the Shahada profession as the last words, forgiveness, mercy, no reckoning, space in the shade of the Throne, a drink from the Pond, and eternal admission to Janna (Paradise). And what is there in Janna?
Top Two Things to do in Janna
There is a never-ending list of things to do, places to visit, people to meet, food to eat, views to see, and luxuries to enjoy in Janna. But there are two foremost delights that make the earthly ephemeral struggles and suspense worth enduring patiently. Firstly, the companionship of and meeting the single most greatest, revered, followed, influential, and studied human being, the moral exemplar par excellence, the beloved, the chosen Muhammad (ﷺ). You get to see him and talk to him all you want. Secondly, the beatific vision; the ultimate pinnacle delight of Janna, when the veils of Light will be removed and the resident of Janna will speak to, hear, and see the Lord Almighty Allah and His radiant splendors, directly. So profound is this experience that their faces will shine. “On that Day there will be luminous faces, looking towards their Lord” (75:22-23). Communication in this realm is not via an Angel or a Prophet or any other intermediary but the believer hears Allah directly at first hand. “Salaam, a greeting from the Merciful Lord” (36:58). The Lord of Mercy will Himself “give them a pure drink” saying “This is your reward. Your endeavours are appreciated” (76:21). All included in that word Hasana.
3. Protection from the punishment of the Fire that “goes on and on” (25:65) is not only immunity from the actual Fire but also Divine shielding from (especially destructive) sins in the world that lead to the Fire. Allah, through His Mercy, forgives sins but that does not imply deliberate sinning is acceptable. The right of Allah is still violated which is egregious.
The Du’a of this group is the ideal as it is balanced in that they are not only obsessed with this world neglecting the Hereafter nor are they preoccupied with the Hereafter shunning this world. It is reported that this was one of the most often repeated supplications of the Prophet (ﷺ) (al-Bukhari and Muslim). The Companion Anas (RA) repeated this invocation whenever requested by anyone to pray for them. On one occasion an individual commented, “That is all?”. He responded: “This comprehensive supplication includes the best of both worlds”. Likewise, make it a common practice to include this in your daily invocations for yourself and others.
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
Our Lord, give us Hasana in this world, Hasana in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire.
Molana Mahmood Hasan Koli